Fragment of a lamp handle; 50-135 CE; 94.68

Name/Title

Fragment of a lamp handle

About this object

This triangular fragment is a handle attachment that has broken from a clay lamp. The relief decoration is produced using two moulds, creating a front and a back section that were joined together, then attached to the main body of the lamp. Although the surface is worn, the brown-grey clay still shows signs of a dark slip that would have covered the entire vessel.

The image on this fragment represents Medusa, the terrifying monster from mythology, whose gaze could turn her victims into stone. She was a popular subject in many art forms throughout the first and second centuries AD. The shape of the ornamental plate and the Medusa relief parallels a lamp now in the Egyptian Museum in Florence. Both were probably produced in the same mould and at the same manufacturing centre.

To judge by the clay, this lamp was probably made in Alexandria. Lamps such as this were direct copies of Italian lamps, which became very popular there. They had large oil chambers, often with two nozzles, as well as ring handles, decorated at the back with large handles.

The flat surface of the handles provided a ready surface for relief decoration. Acanthus leaves and palmettes were common, copying contemporary motifs on Italian lamps. Busts of deities and mythological figures were also popular and included local gods Serapis and Zeus Ammon, as well as Helios, Apollo, and Selene.

Date Made

50-135 CE

Period

Imperial (Roman)

Place Made

Egypt

Place Notes

Probably made in Alexandria

Medium and Materials

Ceramic: Pottery

Style and Iconography

Romano-Egyptian

Measurements

Height 103mm; Width 77mm

Subject and Association Keywords

Art and mythology

Subject and Association Keywords

Women in art

Subject and Association Keywords

Gods in art

Named Collection

The James Logie Memorial Collection, University of Canterbury, New Zealand

Credit Line

Donated by Mrs Broadhead, 1968. From the collection of Professor H.D. Broadhead.

Object Type

Lamp

Object number

94.68

Copyright Licence  

All rights reserved

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Gorgon

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