Coin, billon tetradrachm, Claudius II Gothicus; 269-270 CE; 180.96.11

Name/Title

Coin, billon tetradrachm, Claudius II Gothicus

About this object

Marcus Aurelius Claudius, also known as Claudius II or Claudius Gothicus, was Roman emperor from 268-270 CE. He was the first of the 'soldier emperors' of the Third Century, earning the name Gothicus for his decisive defeat of the Goths at the Battle of Naissus. He was also awarded the title of "Germanicus Maximus" for his quick and successful response against the Alamanni at the Battle of Lake Benacus.

The obverse of this tetradrachm shows a bust of the bearded emperor in his military armour, wearing a laurel wreath. It dates from the second year of his reign in the Alexandrian calendar, around 269 or 270 CE.

The reverse image is a common one for Alexandrian coins. It shows Dikaiosyne, the personification of righteousness and justice. She is in a standard pose, seated with a cornucopia resting on her left arm and scales hanging from her right arm. The Roman equivalent of the Greek Dikaiosyne was Aequitas, the personification of equity or fair dealing. Aequitas is also often seen holding scales and cornucopiae, and occasionally holding a sceptre.

Date Made

269-270 CE

Period

Imperial (Roman)

Place Made

Egypt

Place Notes

Alexandria

Medium and Materials

Metal: Billon (silver copper alloy)

Style and Iconography

Roman

Inscription and Marks

Obverse:
AϒT K KΛAϒΔIOC CEB
(Autokrator Kaisar Claudius Sebastos)
Emperor Caesar Claudius Augustus

Reverse:
LB
In the second year of his reign [B=2, the second letter]

Measurements

Weight 9.58g
Diameter ca. 21mm

Subject and Association Keywords

Emperors

Subject and Association Keywords

Goddesses in art

Subject and Association Keywords

Kings and rulers in art

Subject and Association Keywords

Numismatics

Subject and Association Keywords

Inscriptions, Greek

Named Collection

The James Logie Memorial Collection, University of Canterbury, New Zealand

Credit Line

Donated by M.K. Steven, 1996.

Object Type

Exchange Media

Object number

180.96.11

Copyright Licence  

All rights reserved

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