Photograph, Land sale 1877; Unknown maker; C.1877; GO.C71a
Photograph, Land sale 1877About this object
This photograph is of the 1877 Gore land sale. The photograph shows the large amount of men who travelled to Gore for an opportunity to gain their own farm.
Prior to 1876, New Zealand was governed by six provincial governments. In 1876, parliament abolished the provincial governments, centralising parliamentary power to Wellington. Not long after this, the government introduced the 1877 Land Act. The aim of this act was to help poorer settlers onto farms. Crown lands were originally leased to large run holders, however, this act allowed the government to divide the large leases into smaller blocks. The smaller blocks could be leased for ten years and payment did not have to be straight away; this allowed families to save some of the money they earned off the farm to help pay for the lease.
In 1877 the Otama and Chatton lands in Southland were listed for sale. Crowds of people flocked to Gore to inspect the land and assess what section they would like. The sale commenced on October 4, 1877 and hundreds of people attended with the purpose of buying a farm. The sale lasted three days and sections went for high prices.
Gore was packed and filled with the excitement of the future land owners. This glee was not shared by the former occupiers, who had leased the land for a number of years from the Crown at a favourable rent. The township of Gore greatly benefited from the land sales with a sudden increase in population and every farmer setting out to improve his farm did their trading in Gore, solidifying it as a rural service town.
1870sMedium and Materials
organic, processed materials, paper, photographic paperInscription and Marks
Back, pen: 'Big land scale? 1877? in Holland's Arcade? i.p.o. Miss A. Bruce'Measurements
h 95 mm x w 127 mmSubject and Association Keywords
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